International Association for Assistance to the Abaza-Abkhazian ethnos «Alashara»

The Institute of literature in the fate of the Abaza writers. Mikael Khadgievich Chikatuev: In the walls of the Literary Institu

Литературный институт в судьбах абазинских писателей. Микаэль Хаджиевич Чикатуев: В стенах Литературного института


This article continues a series of publications on the role of the Literary Institute named after A. M. Gorky  at the fate of the Abaza writers.

For admission to the Literary Institute Mikael Chikatuev passed five exams: the 1 of August  – composition; the 3 of August – the Russian language and Russian literature, the 8 of August – history of the USSR, and the 10 of August – geography. Four of them entrant-Abaza handed over to the "good" and the composition  was "satisfactory". With these estimates he passed the competition and became the student of a unique kind of Institute. A letter of acceptance came on 24 of August: "In accordance with the results of the creative competition and entrance exams to enroll for 1 year the main branch of the Literary Institute named after A. M. Gorky: g/ workshop poetry – 12. CHIKATUEV Michael Khadgievich".

On 13 of September he was given a student ID No. 56026, on the same day and under the same number it issued gradebook, and his student life began.

As the Literary Institute has not his Dorm that time, the literary Fund of the USSR leased from the Moscow writers their dachas in Moscow (Peredelkino) and accommodated students. When they had completed the school year and went home for the holidays and practices, the writers took their cottages for the summer months.

The first two years Chikatuev together with Abkhazians Alexei Gogua and Vladimir Ankvab lived in the country in Panferov`s dacha. In the mornings, students were taken to Moscow for classes in two large buses, and after school they were brought back. And when on Thursdays held meetings with famous writers, composers, painters, actors, buses waited for them until after the event.

"The meetings were very interesting – recalled Mikael Khadgievich. Even students who for some reason missed this day of class, be sure to attend this meeting! It is interesting to listen Sholokhov, Tvardovsky, Ilya Ehrenburg, Vsevolod Ivanov, Paustovsky, Boris Chirkov, Semen Lipkin and many, many others! These conversations – purely creative, honest, very trust – gave a lot to the student of literary Institute, I would say, ignited and awakened in him some special inner light for life!".

Then, when in may 1958, the literary Fund has built seven-storey hostel on Dobrolyubova street in Moscow, students were transferred there, and one settled in the room area of 18 sq. m. "Even students of MSU hasn`t this", – said Chikatuev.

On the creative atmosphere here, the poet recalled: "From dusk to dawn the building of the hostel looked like – literally! – disturbed beehive. Of all the open windows poured poetic words, lines, poems. And what happened in all seven long corridors?! Here were written the poems, read poems, rejected, and accepted poems are also noisy, openly, aggressively, regardless of the person! The only authority in the Literary Institute is a good, talented poetry!..".

Separately, the poet stayed and the uniqueness of the lecture courses: "In addition to those items, which are read on philological faculty at the Institute, we studied  such subjects as the theory of verse, theory of prose, theory of drama; history of world music, history of world art, history of world theatre. Tests and exams we passed, for example, in the Conservatory named after P. I. Tchaikovsky, in the Tretyakov gallery, the Museum of fine arts named after Pushkin, Theater museum named after Bakhrushin. And the Moscow drama theatre, named after Pushkin, we, the students of the Literary Institute, was ours: we went to the theatre <...> with student cards...".

The first winter session in December 1956 (6 tests and 3 exams) Chikatuev passed not only all right, but prematurely, for which he was allowed to leave from 27 of December to 25 of January. And he repeatedly took a sabbatical to work on poetic works.

After the first course of two months (July – August) Chikatuev was an Intern on the construction of houses in Moscow as a handyman. The passage of the creative and production practices at the end of the second year was planned at a large-circulation newspaper factory of sewing machines in Podolsk, but in the request literature section of Abaza in Karachay-Cherkessia regional branch of the Union of writers the order was changed, and Michael had the opportunity to practice with the wording of Abaza newspaper "Communism alashara" ("Light of communism") in Cherkessk. In the third year Chikatuev was sent to the newspaper "Komsomolets of Kuzbas" to the city of Kemerovo, and in the fourth year he held three practices: from 15 to 20 of October 1959 in Voronezh, from 22 to 31 of January 1960 in Leningrad and in the summer of the same 1960 – again in the newspaper "Communism alashara" (Cherkessk).

Chikatuev was in good standing with the Institute, as evidenced by the order № 206-a of October 29, 1958, declaring him a gratitude for a good Komsomol and public work to be entered in a personal matter. Also preserved feature of April 6, 1960, prepared for signature by the Director of the Institute, the Secretary of party and trade Union Chairman:

"Com. Chikatuev Michael Khadgievich <...> is studying at the Literary Institute named after A. M. Gorky from September 1956 to present in the poetry Department.

He studies satisfactorily. Creatively active. His works are published in periodicals in the Karachay-Cherkess autonomous region.

He takes an active part in public work. He was a member of the Committee of the Komsomol and a member of student`s Committee of  hostel. For the social activity he was marked with commendation.

Recommended for foreign travel to Ethiopia".

During the numerous meetings and conversations with Michael Khadgievich he never mentioned the trip to Ethiopia. Probably, the administration intended to send him abroad on a business trip, preparing documents, but for some reason, it still did not take place. Apparently, the feature was unclaimed and was not signed.

In just five years of study at the Literary Institute Chikatuev passed 58 tests and 31 exams. Of these, 8 subjects has "satisfactory" rating, 19 – “good» and 3 –«excellent». In addition, he delivered and defended on March 9, 1961 his thesis entitled "Melodies of Inzhich" with rating "excellent", on 6 of June he passed state exam in Russian and Soviet literature with rating "good", on 20 of June - exam on dialectical and historical dialecticism is also "good". On the same day, by decision of the state examination Commission he was qualified as a literary worker, and 3 days later – on 23 of June, 1961 was awarded the diploma № 514906 about the end of the Literary Institute.

1961year was rich in events in personal and creative life of Michael Khadgievich: his second collection of poems "Melodies of Inzhich", started to work in the Karachay-Cherkessia pedagogical institute, got married, had a firstborn son Azamat... "Thus, the 1961, I think, is one of the happiest in my life" – summed up the poet's story of his student life.