International Association for Assistance to the Abaza-Abkhazian ethnos «Alashara»

The King of Abkhazia Ahy Saulakh

Царь Абхазии Ахы Саулах

The ancient kings of Abkhazia, the tyrants, scepture and other officials of higher political authority, and service class that we studied in the historical-archaeological aspect, are of great scientific and academic interest. A number of comprehensive abkhazian geography works were made by these issues, in the form of reports and publications in international forums, specifically addresses the problem of politogenesis and political history, from the chiefdoms of the megalithic era to postkolkhid (antique) era inclusive.

Activation of the advanced forces of geniokho-fasian society in an era of rapid processes of frontier history associated with Meotians, Sinds, Bosporani, Scythian-sarmatians, Kobanians, Achaemenidae, Greeks, that happened almost at the same time, put forward in the first place of historical picture the eminent personalities of common national scope. Such political leaders could not fail to be marked in a special way and in special genres, not only in the annals of history, but in the heroic sagas, myths, sacred ancestors, including local chronicles of ancient hieroglyphic type, preserved from ancient ancestors (as described by his contemporaries). Such statesmen, of course, was an example for imitation, the pride of the whole nation and was considered worthy descendants of the most powerful ruler of Aeetes (Hite), whose power no one could match (as described) were considered offsprings of atnarkho Fasis, Kolkh, Geniokh, even of Helios (the Sun), the founder of dynasties!

In this respect, the historical image of king Saulakh is of interest, captured in a number of reliable sources. In particular, the famous historian, geographer and encyclopedist Pliny Secund in his wonderful essay, "Natural history" mentions the glorious descendant and heir of Aeetes the king of Saulakh. The description of his activities, respectively, has heroes character as unique to the rulers of the era of the Egyptian Pharaoh Sesostris. Creative beginning of his building activity has been found in the masterpieces of the Palace traditions, amazingly decorated with columns and paliasters. The description of his untold wealth is complemented by the message that king Saulakh still got a lot of gold and silver from the mountain tribes.There are other sources that illuminate the activity and emphasize the authority of the decision of a number of international issues, as the famous historian Polybius. Here next to the negotiators, calling Sarmatian king Gatal also referred to king Saulakh, and with the mention of his official title Aki Akhy (Aki-Silokh), with the transfer of the abkhazian abzyb X (head, master) through Greek Kappa. In front of us, of course, is the Supreme ruler (king) of the country Ahy Saulakh, because geniokhs, the ancestors of the Abkhazians, had several kings, one of whom was the chief (Supreme) ruler, and has represented his country.This situation is recorded in the book of the legatus of Cappadocia, the historian Flavius Arrian, who mentions some of the Basileus apsils, abasgs, sanygs, whose power was recognized and sanctioned by the Roman Empire. The mention of his name on the coin legends minted by him is of interest too, in particular the reference to "Basileus Sau(l) (Akh)", full reading for numismatists and archaeologists is considered controversial and quite problematic to this day.

However, given the short duration of the appearance of Bosporan Savmak, the absence of any significant facts in his biography and his insignificant role in the trade and economic relations of the Black sea region, we denied his involvement in the coin process, and even the issue of coins, believing that such could make it a notable local king Saulakh, marked with all these features positively. Anthropomorphic image on the coins, given in the solar corona, and its sacred animal, shown in the form of the protomers of the bull, also indicate the descendant of Aeetes (Hite), who has the ancestral image of a powerful sea king in Abkhazian religion (D. I. Gulia, A. N. Gren). As for the inscriptions on the coins (7 items), 4 of which are reliably found in Abkhazia, including coins "colchicine", then it is given the name of a recognized and legitimate king - Basileus Savlakh, where in the reduction of the name is correctly read lyamda indicating the Royal name of Saulakh and not the interim leader of the rebels Savmak (108-107 yy. BC). The rest faciane-apsils, local Colchian kings, even those who were in difficult conditions of international relations as, say, Aristarchus of Colchis were minted their coins too. The acknowledgement of the status and of this king as ruler over (epi) the Colchis also points to the rule (Ahy) of his power as ruler and autocrat. The recent numismatic discovery (published: A. V. Gavrilov, I. V. Shanov), made by a local resident using a metal detector in the area of the largest fortifications Kuru Bush of the city choirs of Feodosia is of great scientific interest too. Here was found a coin with a diameter of 11 mm, a weight of 1.60 g. of billon or base silver at its face value relates to hemidrachm (see Fig.). The obverse depicts is the head of Athena in helmet, on the other side is the eagle with head turned back, and affixed the full name of the king Savlak, with no reduction at all, which once again refutes all the previous fabrications. This finding, published immediately after my report of 2005, and is not known to the authors of the textbooks and monographs on the history of Abkhazia, is supplemented with other valuable sources. This includes our definition of combined characters (ligatures) on the same coin, not as the inscription indicating the price (ahy 1//aky), but as the royal sign of Saulakh with a coin which it is. In accord with the tables of "Maikop", pseudohieroglyphic and Phoenician letters this monogram is read Ahy-ah (Supreme ruler/king).

As I proved in several studies, activation of geniokhs in international relations at the time, the friendly acceptance of Mithridates in Dioskuria (Sukhum, capital of Abkhazia) and wires controlled the territory up to the Scythian constipation (passages), as well as providing them with markets of the Bosporan kings under certain geniokhian tallasocratic (Strabon, Appian), right points to the broader historical background of the archaeological discoveries which are now the property of science, and has the status of historical fact. The Supreme king Saulakh ("Savlak", "Silokh") or Akhy Saulakh of the second half of II century BC, as proven by historical and archaeological research problems, therefore, were not exceptions among the kings of the sun-like ayetides that have progressed far into the Caucasus regional politics, economic development, military cooperation and international relations of postkolkhid era of VI century BC. e. Its image is the property of the whole Abkhaz nation and world history.