In a previous publication, doctor of philology, Marjat Kharatokova shared her thoughts about relationships of Abaza people with the ancient Shumerians, analyzing the etymology of the names of the Shumerian gods and drawing on the work of Aubrey Fessenden "Flooded civilization of the Caucasus isthmus".
We bring to your attention the arguments on the same topic of Eduard Chachev, who also finds the harmony of the Abaza words with the Shumerian, which he read from the American writer and historian Aizec Azimov.
Reading and re-reading the authors of the history of the Middle East, Egypt, the Caucasus, involuntarily think about the great civilization that had Abaza people in ancient times. It lives in a nation that is a descendant of the Shumerians. Three thousand years ago, the Sumerians suffered a cruel fate. Fragments of the once great civilization were scattered all over the world, including the Caucasus. American writer and historian Aizec Azimov in his works "The middle East. The history of the ten millennia " describes in detail the fate of the ancient Shumerians. Perhaps he had no idea that a small fragment of this civilization was preserved in the far Caucasus. In the book A. Asimov gives the names of cities, villages, rivers, the names of pharaons, kings, which are consonant with the meaning and coincide with the current Abaza language.
Let`s take the pagan gods of the Shumerians - Annunaks-highly civilized aliens who once visited the earth. The Shumerians called them gods. Annunaki-in this Shumerian word at the beginning is the syllable "An", which the Shumerians, like Abaza, called the most important pagan God. The syllable "noon" is from Sumerian mythology about the universe. The most respected and still mentioned by Abaza people pagan god "An". There is a plea for salvation: "Anun nun" ("Save us").
Ra, Mza, An and other gods
Ra is known among the Shumerians as the Sun god.
Amza is a God of slaves among Abaza – pagans. Leningrad scientist, historian professor G. F. Turchaninov in his monograph "The discovery and deciphering of the ancient writing of the Caucasus" writes that slaves in ancient times gathered around the arch and prayed at night. This happened in the city of Biba, later named Babylon.
Pagan God of the Sumerians "Addad" consonant to Abaza "ddra" – "thunder, to thunder". There is also the interjection "adydyd", which is mentioned by Abaza people during disasters and natural phenomena: "Adydyd! Ancha hachikhchat!"("Adydyd! God forbid!") is a plea to the pagan God Addad.
Akkadian king Sargon, who adopted the Shumerian civilization, declared the main god Marduk, which is in tune with the Abaza "Mara duk" (one big sun). Thanks to the Shumerian priests-scientists, the popularity of this god was kept for thousands of years. The Babylonians and Amorites (nomadic westernsemits of the people of ancient Western Asia, spoke the Amorite language), and some of the Assyrian kings were served him. We again accent your attention to the Abaza word "Mara", which is translated from Abaza means "where is Ra" (Ra dhamu).
The God Ra came down to Earth, calling himself" Atum", and with the help of his assistants – the gods of the Earth, Heaven, Water – helped people to settle on the earth.
City "Ashnun" the Sumerians considered the gateway to the nun, where once were Anunnaks-aliens. And here we must pay attention to the harmony with Abaza "of Ash Nun" (the modern sound of "Nun`s ash" – "door of Nun").
Name of cities and kings of Shumeria
Since ancient times, even when in Hittite (Hattic) Kingdom consisted of separate city Shumeria, still preserved children's rhymes about Tsarakuzh that has been passed from mouth to mouth:
- Ahya, ahya!
– Dzachiya aui?
– Tsarakuzh sakup.
– Haty saan…
(- Khe! Khe! Who's that? - Tsarakuzh. Where were you? - The Hutts – …)
"Ur" – a city on the Euphrates river, means a crossing place (compare with Abaza
" Uyr " - cross, swim).
"Uruk" - above the crossing (Abaza"Uyr Akv"). In Uruk in 3100 BC appeared the world's first writing. In the city of Uruk after Eiannatum rules the scientific king Urukogin. The word "gin " means his medical knowledge.
The king of the Shumerian city Uruk was called Gilgamesh. I assume in the original this name might sound "Gyarga mshi" (Garg-bear), as Azimov says that this king Gilgamesh possessed with great physical strength.
The etymology of the surname of Abaza princes Biberdovs suggests that they came from a small Sumerian village of Biba, in Mesopotamia, which later the Greeks renamed Babylon: Bibard – Biba igardaz – emerged from Biba.
After the death of another Shumerian king, his place was taken by one of his assistants and announced that he was close to the king Sargon, that in the Shumerian and Abaza ("Sargvan") languages means "close to me".
One of the oldest cities of Lagash in Shumeria – perhaps a compound of "La" ("eye/eyes", the second meaning – "dog") and "guash" ("gate). The city was located on the Persian Gulf and the king was Eiannatum. His name consists of the names of three pagan gods: Ei, An, Atum. From this it is clear that the Sumerian aristocracy brought in their names the names of the gods.
About 200 km from the city of Lagash is the city of Elam (Abaza word "yalam" means "living separately").
Goudey tribe, presumably located on shore of the Black sea, called its capital Gudauta, which can be translated as "the place where live Goudey (Godou)". We will not pass by the fact that now the city in Abkhazia has the same name. It is possible that the city of Sukhum, which Abkhazians themselves call "Akva", was built by the Akkad tribe.
In the upper reaches of the Tigris river was situated the town of Ashnun. The name of this city can be translated as "doors to Nun": "ash" – "door", "nun" – a certain state of the Earth from the Sumerian mythology of the universe.
In 1930 BC on the Euphrates river are located the cities of Ashur and Isin. Ashur can be translated into Abaza language as "doors to Ur", Isin ("izin") – "permission".
Code of Laws, which still surprises the world with its genius, dates back to the 1770-th year BC. King Hammurappi, whose name stands for in Abaza language as: Hamma Ra ipa Hamma the son of Ra (god of Sun), made it.
Amorites (Amara, jauu – people of the Sun) came to the Shumeria, peacefully settled it, adopted the language, civilization.
In 1713 the king of Urnamu from Uruk created the stele with code of laws. His name means that he is from Ur city, and the slogan Namu means that he is the master, the king.
The word "Shumerians" – distorted name of Abaza people with ashua dialect, which can be understood as "Ashua Mara" (Sunny people).
You can give many examples of names, surnames, inherited from the Shumerians: Muran, Marchand, Maan (Ma An – "Take, god An"), Tamara (Peach from the god Ra), Kuratsa – old woman's name meaning "sent by god Ra", Ramzan, consisting of three Shumerian gods - Ra, Mza, An. Anuar, Sarah, Anara, Amra and many other Abaza names contain the names of Shumerian gods. But many of the existing names and the names of Abaza (Lars, Nippa, Kishev, Biberdov) remain from the Royal cities of Shumeria: of Erida, Nipah, Larsa, Kish, Biba. In some Abaza names there is the name of the Shumerian God An – Aysan, Shogan, Kapsargan etc.
Showing each other respect during using, Abaza still mention of the god Ra: "bara", "uara", "shara", "dara", "hara". This indicates a high respect in society for man in ancient times. If you study the origins of their names, each Abaza can find harmony with the names of ancient Shumerians.
Narts-representatives of ancient tribes, brave, physically strong, noble, fair. There are legends and songs about them in the folklore of the peoples of the Caucasus. Their names are in tune with the names of pagan Shumerian gods. One of the main narts was forged from iron Sosranpa. This name consists of several parts: Asy – shirt, Ra – the god of sun, An – the main Shumerian god, pa– son. Thus, the name can be translated as "Amara zaskhas ancha ipa" (Son of An, for whom shirt became the sun). Among Abaza people, the expression "Amara uaskhat" ("let the sun be your shirt") is considered to be a respectful good wishes.
Sataney in legends is considered the mother of narts. Sata is the name, An – the chief Shumerian god, Ney (nye) – to go: Sata, sent by the god An.
Bataras – the name of Sataney`s husband. Bata - name, Ra – the god of Sun, as – shirt: Bata, to whom the sun became a shirt.
Sosran – a name consisting of the names of two pagan gods Ra and An. Tutarasch – brother of the god Ra (Tuta Ra yascha).
Shardan can be translated into Abaza as: "A lot of time with god An". (Scharda An)
Scientist-philologist V. N. Meremkulov collected tales of narts, told by the elders of the Abaza villages.
The famous world resort town Kislovodsk in the North Caucasus Abaza people called "Nrttsana", which means "a place inhabited by narts.
The bright heritage of Abaza people is the days of the week that have come down to us and are used by us in our lives. The Shumerians first used accounting, reports. They pay workers ' wages daily. The names of the days of the week, still preserved in Abaza people, associated with payment of earnings: svaha (Monday) – paid salary; guasha (Tuesday) – second day of the payment of wages; hasha (Wednesday) – the third day of the payment of wages; pschasha (Thursday) fourth day of payment; hvasha (Friday) – the fifth day of payment; Sabsha – distorted Tsbasha (Saturday) – the sixth day of the payment of money; mtshasha – derived from mtsasha (Sunday) – pay per day when not going to work.
All these examples show the identity of the language of the ancient Shumerians and the language of the Abaza people. So, we, Abaza people, are descendants of ancient Shumerians.